Four alternative debugging techniques

I’ve recently been working on a side project that uses WebGL and a physics engine that was transpiled from C++ into JavaScript so… printing variable to the console and using the debugger just weren’t cutting it. I started thinking about the other ways I debug things:

  1. Ship of Theseus debugging: the ship of Theseus is a thought experiment: if you have something and you gradually replace every part, at which point is it a different thing? This is debugging via finding a working example, then gradually mutating it (without breaking it, source control is helpful here) into what you actually want to do. There are a couple of problems: this often leaves some cruft around from the original program and I often never figure out why it wasn’t working in the first place. Which brings us to…
  2. Homeland security debugging: if you see a suspicious variable name or method call, don’t keep it to yourself. Tell a coder or library maintainer. This is where you go back through all of the sketchy parts of your code and make sure they are actually doing what you expect. After working on a program for a while, I’ll usually end up with parts of codebase that are a bit questionable. Why am I passing a literal “1” as an argument in here? Why do I have two names for this variable? Basically, I’m going through my program, line by line, checking all of my vague suspicions.
  3. Thunderdome debugging: one coder and one bug enter, one coder leaves. This is kind of a meta-technique I use for weird, difficult-to-reproduce issues in integration tests where I have to dig through logs or do a 12-step process every time I need to test a change. Basically, I get a big cup of coffee, sit down at my machine, and try everything while mainlining caffeine. Afterwards, I generally couldn’t even tell you what the bug ended up being, but it is no more. This is the kind of debugging that generally does not happen unless I’m being paid for it.
  4. Wooden nickel debugging: try testing code against the most useless possible inputs. Sometimes I have a very complex chunk of code that doesn’t work. I don’t want to spend the time to get a meaningful test running against it, but I start writing unit tests, passing in the most trivial input possible: the empty string, 0, an empty array. And often, after an input or two, I’ve figured out what it’s doing wrong.

Anyone else have any non-traditional ways that they debug?

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